Demand Response Integration Technologies: unlocking the demand response potential in the distribution grid

Project Objectives

Addressing call topic area 3 (DR Technologies), DRIvE links together cutting-edge science in Multi-Agent Systems (MAS), forecasting and cyber¬†security with emerging innovative SMEs making first market penetration in EU DR markets. In doing so, near market solutions are strengthened with¬†lower TRL, higher risk functionalities that support a vision of an ‚Äúinternet of energy‚ÄĚ and ‚Äúcollaborative energy network.‚ÄĚ From the research side, MAS¬†will move closer to real time operations and progress from a limited number of assets toward decentralized management of a larger number of assets¬†providing DR services to prosumers, grid stakeholders and DSOs. The research will deliver a fully-integrated, interoperable and secure DR¬†Management Platform for Aggregators with advanced hybrid forecasting, optimization, fast-response capabilities and enhanced user participation¬†components in a standard-compliant (Open ADR) market-regulated (USEF) manner, empowering a true cost-effective mass-market (100‚Äôs millions of¬†heterogenous assets). The project features 5 pilots across 3 countries consisting of a stadium, wind farm, 7-floor office, tertiary & residential buildings¬†within medium-large districts, resulting in over 25 MW of potential flexible capacity. Direct engagement of 100 households and 2 tertiary buildings (over¬†1,000 persons) is attained and replication to over 75,000 persons is possible. The pilots will be running in real DSO environment with real engagement¬†of grid players. Overall, DRIvE will¬†make available average 20% of load in residential and tertiary buildings for use in DR, resulting in¬†up to 30%¬†cost-saving (price-based DR)¬†and also¬†maximizing revenue for prosumers (incentive-based DR). DRIvE will also allow¬†a minimum 25%¬†increase of renewable hosting capacity (distribution grid)¬†and¬†up to 30% of overall reduction of CAPEX and OPEX costs for DSOs.‚Äč

An infographic showing that it is a research and innovation project, with a budget of 4 million euros, a duration of 36 months and 9 active partners.

Typhoon’s role as a project partner

Typhoon HIL was the leader of validation and verification work package, where the task was to develop an automated¬†cloud-based solution for integration for validating, verifying and demonstrating the DR Management Platform,¬†i.e.¬†the¬†core of the project. The verification and validation solution was also enhanced with automatic report generation and¬†test-run data visualization. In order to build this setup, Typhoon HIL integrated a sandboxed instance of the DR¬†Management Platform which used real gateways (hardware-in-the-loop methodology) to control digital twins of 5 pilot¬†site. The digital twins were developed from scratch by Typhoon HIL‚Äôs modeling team and validated against historical¬†data of actual, physical sites. These twins ran on a large setup of 8 Typhoon HIL‚Äôs emulators interfaced to 44 ABB home¬†gateways. ENERVALIS and¬†i.LECO¬†deployed sandboxed (mirrored) versions of their production cloud services which¬†were interfaced with models of individual buildings and assets via these real gateways. This setup was used by¬†i.LECO¬†and ENERVALIS for general verification and validation activities in scenarios such as kW max, time-of-use optimization,¬†portfolio management, congestion management, frequency restoration and frequency containment, but it was used for¬†small-scale, focused validation activities such as MODBUS register debugging.¬†‚Äč

Testing sites

  • Bleanau¬†Gwent district:¬†this pilot site consisted of¬†the Learning Zone (a further education college building), General Office, Gwent Records Archive, a secondary¬†school, a sports¬†centre, a multi-storey¬†car park, the energy¬†centre¬†and a cableway linking the Works site to¬†Ebbw¬†Vale town¬†centre). This site was used for data¬†collection and simulation of different DR¬†programmes.
  • DEVO district (Netherlands):¬†Duurzame¬†Energievoorziening¬†Veenendaal-oost¬†B.V. (DEVO), a local energy supplier, which is responsible for the construction,¬†operation and management of sustainable energy: provides 1,250 homes and buildings heating and cooling through a collective energy-based heat/cold storage¬†and cogeneration. The site provide DR services thanks to its controllable hot water boiler.
  • Giessenwind¬†wind farm (Netherlands):¬†one of the highest wind farms in the Netherlands and the first wind farm in the Benelux with a utility energy storage¬†system. The site produces 16.9 million kWh of electricity per year and provides energy for 5,000 households in the Netherlands. The combination of wind turbines¬†and storage system enables the wind farm to provide both power quality and balancing services to the DSO/BRP.
  • ADO Stadium (Netherlands):¬†Cars Jeans stadium is the home stadium of ADO Den Haag. On the roof of this stadium are solar panels installed, an energy storage¬†system is being installed and there are 30 EV charging points at the stadium. The site was used for DR services such as FCR and FRR.
  • COMSA head office (Spain):¬†The COMSA Industrial head office in the city¬†centre¬†of Barcelona is a fully-electrical building with a total area of over 2,600 m2¬†across¬†7 floors. The building is equipped with heat, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) connected to an energy management system,¬†which was used for DR purposes¬†and was controlled by MPC.
  • WOERDEN District (Netherlands):¬†the pilot site consisted of 39 houses which underwent deep-renovation to become net-zero-energy using an industrialized and¬†modular approach that allowed renovation to take place within 10 days. Thanks to renovation, energy consumption was reduced by 40% and energy modules were¬†installed to provide efficient heating and ventilation. Energy is generated with 8-9kWp of PV and there was a district battery, together with several house batteries.¬†In the project, smart DR control was deployed to increase self-consumption and improve energy efficiency: this was done by coordinating energy flows on¬†neighborhood level ‚Äď based on interaction with the DSO ‚Äď so that flexibility could be deployed to avoid congestion and avoid high-cost grid reinforcement.¬†‚Äč

Field of science

Artificial Intelligence, Renewable Energy, Electric Power Generation,¬†Commerce (Secure, clean and efficient¬†energy; A single, smart European electricity grid; Integrated local¬†energy systems (Energy islands))‚Äč‚Äč,¬†Demand Response (DR), lifecycle, CAPEX and OPEX reduction, portfolio management, congestion¬†management, ancillary services, forecasting, energy trading, flexibility market, cybersecurity, cyber protection‚Äč,¬†Microgrids, Test Automation, Behavioural Models, Digital Twin, MBSE.


Partners of HYBRIS project: R2M Solutions, Enervalis, Scholt Energy, Airbus, iLECO, CEA, Blaenau Gwent, COMSA Corporation, and Cardiff University.