Three phase two winding transformer
This section describes three phase two winding transformer
The threephase transformer is modeled as three singlephase transformers, meaning that only magnetic coupling between windings of the same phase are taken into account.
The magnetization inductance Lm can be linear or with saturation, it is modeled on the primary side of the transformer. Core losses are modeled as Rm resistance located on the primary side of the transformer. Also, it is possible to neglect Lm and Rm by selecting Lm/Rm neglected in the Core model property. For more informations, please refer to Core modelSchematic symbol and input parameters for three phase two winding transformer block are given in Table 1.
component  component dialog window  component parameters 

Three phase two winding transformer 





 short circuit test – exciting a set of threephase windings while the other set of windings is short circuited
 open circuit test – exciting a set of threephase windings while the other set of windings is open circuited
Measurement results obtained from these tests and other information given on the transformer’s nameplate provide the necessary data for transformer characterization and modeling.
Winding excitation in the tests is threephase positive sequence voltage. In addition to that, when characterizing a transformer and making a transformer model that includes mutual inductances between phases, it is necessary to perform the same tests, but with excitation being threephase zero sequence voltage.
Parameters of the equivalent circuit are calculated as follows. During the short circuit test, the magnetization branch is considered shorted by the short circuited winding. So, primary side short circuit impedance is obtained:
${Z}_{sc}^{d}=3\frac{{u}_{sc}^{d}\left[\%\right]{\left({V}_{1n}^{ph}\right)}^{2}}{{100S}_{n}}$Primary side short circuit resistance is obtained:
${R}_{sc}=3{P}_{sc}^{d}{\left(\frac{{V}_{1n}^{ph}}{{S}_{n}}\right)}^{2}$Primary side short circuit inductance:
${L}_{sc}^{d}=\frac{1}{2\pi {f}_{n}}\sqrt{{\left({Z}_{sc}^{d}\right)}^{2}{\left({R}_{sc}\right)}^{2}}$Primary and secondary side resistances and short circuit inductances are calculated using:
${R}_{1}=\frac{1}{2}{R}_{sc}$
${R}_{2}=\frac{1}{2}{R}_{sc}{\left(\frac{{N}_{2}}{{N}_{1}}\right)}^{2}$
${L}_{1}^{d}=\frac{1}{2}{L}_{sc}^{d}$
${L}_{2}^{d}=\frac{1}{2}{L}_{sc}^{d}{\left(\frac{{N}_{2}}{{N}_{1}}\right)}^{2}$
From the positive sequence open circuit test results, it is obtained:
${i}_{oc}^{d}=\frac{{i}_{oc}^{d}\left[\%\right]}{100}{I}_{1n}^{ph}={i}_{oc}^{d}\left[\%\right]\frac{{S}_{n}}{300{V}_{1n}^{ph}}$
${P}_{oc}^{d}=3\frac{{\left({V}_{1n}^{ph}\right)}^{2}}{{R}_{Fe}^{d}}\stackrel{yields}{\to}{R}_{Fe}^{d}=3\frac{{\left({V}_{1n}^{ph}\right)}^{2}}{{P}_{oc}^{d}}$
${P}_{oc}^{d}=3{R}_{Fe}^{d}{\left({i}_{Fe}^{d}\right)}^{2}\stackrel{yields}{\to}{\left({i}_{Fe}^{d}\right)}^{2}=\frac{{P}_{oc}^{d}}{3{R}_{Fe}^{d}}$
${i}_{m}^{d}=\sqrt{{\left({i}_{oc}^{d}\right)}^{2}{\left({i}_{Fe}^{d}\right)}^{2}}$
${L}_{m}^{d}=\frac{1}{2\pi {f}_{n}}\frac{{V}_{1n}^{ph}}{{i}_{m}^{d}}$
Variables description:
S_{n}  nominal power of transformer
V_{1nph}  primary side nominal phase to phase voltage
f_{n}  nominal frequency
N_{2}/N_{1}  transfer ration
u_{scd}  short circuit voltage (sc) – positive sequence (d)
Z_{scd}  short circuit impedance (sc) – positive sequence (d)
P_{scd}  short circuit active power (sc) – positive sequence (d)
R_{sc}  short circuit resistance (sc)
L_{scd}  short circuit inductance (sc) – positive sequence (d)
R_{1}  resistance on primary side
R_{2}  resistance on secondary side
L_{1d}  leakage inductance on primary side – positive sequence (d)
L_{2d}  leakage inductance on secondary side – positive sequence (d)
i_{ocd}  open circuit (oc) excitation current – positive sequence (d)
i_{1nph}  nominal phase current
P_{ocd}  open circuit (oc) losses– positive sequence (d)
R_{Fed} (R_{m})  resistance representing the core losses under nominal voltage – positive sequence (d)
i_{Fed}  current due to core losses under nominal voltage – positive sequence (d)
i_{md}  magnetizing current – positive sequence (d)
L_{md}  magnetizing inductance – positive sequence (d)
A schematic block diagram of the threephase twowinding transformer block with the corresponding component arrangement and naming is shown in Figure 1.
It should be noted that terminals N1 and N2 can be connected with the rest of the circuit in schematic editor only if the corresponding side is wye (Y) connected.
Embedded coupling
There are two possible options for embedded coupling in the single phase two winding transformer, Ideal Transformer based coupling and TLM coupling.
If Embedded coupling is Ideal Transformer, Ideal Transformer based coupling will be placed between two windings of transformer.
In Figure 2 is given a visual representation of division of transformer's equivalent circuit in the case where Embedded coupling is set to Ideal Transformer.
If Embedded coupling is set to TLM, secondary winding inductor in the each phase will be replaced with TLM coupling component. Inductance will be divided between coupling and embedded inductors (inductors will be hidden in the TLM). TLM to embedded inductors ratio can be determined by compiler, but also it can be specified explicitly. If Automatic option is selected, ratio will be determined by discretization method. If Manual option is selected, ratio can be explicitly set to meet user requirements. For more information on TLM couplings please refer to Core couplings  TLM.
In Figure 3 is given a schematic representation of transformer's equivalent circuit when Embedded coupling is set to TLM.
Analog output signals from three phase two winding transformer
Internal variables of the transformer are available for observation at the analog outputs. Names of the variables available for observation have extensions _a, _b and _c added to their names. These extensions correspond to variables of sub circuits of phases a, b and c, respectively.
Analog output variable name  Description 

Lm_a_name  Current of magnetizing inductance in phase A 
Lm_b_name  Current of magnetizing inductance in phase B 
Lm_c_name  Current of magnetizing inductance in phase C 
L1_a_name  Current of phase A leakage inductance on primary side 
L1_b_name  Current of phase B leakage inductance on primary side 
L1_c_name  Current of phase C leakage inductance on primary side 
L2_a_name  Current of phase A leakage inductance on secondary side 
L2_b_name  Current of phase B leakage inductance on secondary side 
L2_c_name  Current of phase C leakage inductance on secondary side 