Three phase Bergeron transmission line

This section describes Bergeron three phase transmission line based on a distributed parameter traveling wave model with lumped resistance.

Properties for this model are length of the line in kilometers, per length resistance and ground resistance in ohms/km, per length core and shield capacitance in farads/km, per length inductance and mutual inductance between phases in henries/km and execution rate in seconds.

Figure 1. Properties window of Bergeron three phase model
Figure 2. Symbol


Figure 3. Representation of the three-phase power line using mutual capacitances

In case of balanced line ( L a a = L b b = L c c = L s ;   M a b = M b c = M c a = M ;   C a b = C b c = C c a = C c ;   C e a = C e b = C e c = C e )

mathematical model of the circuit can be written in the matrix form:

- x e = [ L ] t [ i ]

- x i = [ C ] t [ e ]

where matrices [ L ] and [ C ] are: LLsMMMLsMMMLs


Model of the three phase system is transformed into three decoupled single phase line models, so called "modal" lines, where transform matrix is: T1111-2111-2 and inverse transform matrix is T-113131313-130130-13

To transform matrices [ L ] and [ C ] into modal domain we use transform matrix:

L m o d e = T - 1 L T

C m o d e = T - 1 C [ T ]

For each of single phase modal lines, travel time can be found and simulation time step, T , selected according to them (Note: in discrete system simulation adjusted time steps can only be integer multiples of T).

The calculations previously done in Single phase Bergeron line are made in the modal domain before being converted back to phase values .

Representation of the lossless three phase power line can be expanded to model losses by adding series conductors' resistances and ground resistance.


To transform [ R ] into modal domain:


Figure 4. Schematic diagram of three phase Bergeron transmission line


[1] Dommel, H., “Digital Computer Solution of Electromagnetic Transients in Single and Multiple Networks,” IEEE® Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. PAS-88, No. 4, April, 1969.